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----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Jacqueline" 
To: "Phaedrus" 
Sent: Tuesday, September 09, 2003 7:40 PM
Subject: Re: Italian pastry

> Hi,
> First of all, I would like to thank you for such a speedy reply to my
> recent e mail.
> The Italian pastry that I would like a receipe for is called;
> Pasticiotti. Thanks for the help........
> Jacky

Hello Jacky,

See below for the only recipe that I could find that was a pastry. There are other "pasticcioti" that are macaroni and cheese. There is a lot of variation even in the pastry ones. Some are made with custard - some lemon - and some are made with ricotta cheese.


Little Custard Tarts (Pasta Ciotti)

Makes One Dozen 3" Tarts
2 cups unbleached all-purpose flour
1/2 cup sugar
3/4 teaspoon baking powder
1/8 teaspoon salt
1/2 cup solid vegetable shortening
1/4 cup milk
3/4 teaspoon vanilla
1 large egg, well beaten

3 tablespoons cornstarch
2/3 cup sugar
1 1/2 cups milk
1 1/2 tablespoons unsalted butter
1 large egg yolk, slightly beaten
1 teaspoon almond extract

1 egg beaten with 2 tablespoons milk, for the egg wash

Sift together the flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt into a
large bowl. Cut in the shortening with a pastry blender until the
mixture resembles coarse cornmeal. Add the milk, vanilla, and egg
and use your hands to mix the ingredients into a smooth ball of
dough. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and set aside.

In a medium saucepan, whisk together the cornstarch and sugar,
making sure there are no lumps. Gradually whisk in the milk. Add
the butter, place the saucepan over medium heat, and cook, stirring
constantly with a wooden spoon, until thickened. Remove from the
heat and stir in the egg yolk and almond extract. Set the custard

Divide the dough in half. On a lightly floured surface, roll one
piece into an 11-inch circle, about inch thick. Using a 3-inch
fluted biscuit cutter, cut out circles of dough and press each one
into the bottom and up the sides of 3 by 1-inch tart pans. Reroll
the scraps and cut out additional circles. You should have 12 tart

Place the tart pans on a cookie sheet. Spoon about 2 tablespoons
of filling into each tart shell.

Roll out the second piece of dough and cut out 3-inch circles.
Place a circle over each tart and pinch the edges closed.

With a pastry brush, paint the top of each tart with the egg wash.
Refrigerate the tarts for 30 minutes.

Preheat the oven to 425 F. Bake the tarts on the middle oven rack
for 12 to 15 minutes, or until the tops are golden brown. Remove
the tarts to racks and let cool completely.

Carefully remove the tarts from the pans. Store in an airtight
container in the refrigerator.

Note: If you make miniature tarts, bake for only 8 to 10 minutes.
This recipe makes about 2 dozen miniature tarts.

Thomas Jefferson's Sweet Potato Biscuits

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "carol" 
To: phaedrus
Sent: Wednesday, September 10, 2003 11:49 AM
Subject: Thomas Jefferson's sweet potato biscuits

> Phaedrus:
> I would like to have the recipe for Thomas Jefferson's sweet potato
> biscuits.  I got the recipe from the Fresno Bee four or five years ago and
> I lost it!
> Thank you,
> Carol Waddell

Hello Carol,

See below.


Thomas Jefferson's Sweet Potato Biscuits

5 cups all-purpose flour
1 cup packed light brown sugar
2 tablespoons baking powder
1 1/2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon ground ginger
1/2 teaspoon ground allspice
1 cup solid frozen vegetable shortening
2 cups roasted, mashed, and cooled sweet potatoes
1 cup heavy cream (plus more if needed)
1/2 cup coarsely chopped pecans

Preheat oven to 425 degrees. In a large mixing bowl, stir together the
flour, brown sugar, baking powder, cinnamon, salt, ginger, and allspice. Add
the shortening and cut in with 2 knives or hands until crumbly. In another
bowl combine sweet potatoes, cream and pecans. Make well in dry ingredients
and add potato-cream mixture. Mix to combine. Turn the dough out onto a
lightly floured surface. Roll out the dough to 1 1/2 inches thick. Cut out
with a 2-inch floured biscuit cutter. Place biscuits 1-inch apart on
ungreased baking sheets. Bake for 5 minutes, then turn down temperature to
375 and bake for another 10 to 15 minutes until golden brown. Serve warm or
let cool on a wire rack until room temperature.


----- Original Message ----- 
From: "rene" 
To: Phaedrus
Sent: Thursday, September 11, 2003 12:53 PM
Subject: locating a recipe

> Phaedrus-
>    I would forever be grateful if you could obtain the recipe for  the
> calzone, an Italian sandwich full of meat, cheeses, onions, spices and the
> red sauce served at a restaurant called Rossi's.  This restaurant was very
> popular in Fresno, California in the 70's and 80's until it closed with the
> retirement of it's owners.  I understand  Mrs Rossi learned this recipe in a
> county (?) called Calzone, located in Italy.  It  was absolutely delicious.
> I wish you the best of luck with this search.
> Thank you,  Rene 

Hello Rene,

Sorry, there are no recipes from Rossi's on the web. However, the below calzone recipe is supposed to be a very good one.



1 C. lukewarm water
1 Tbsp olive oil
About 3 C. bread flour (all-purpose will work)
2 Tbsp sugar
2 tsp. salt
1 1/2 tsp. active dry yeast
1 C. shredded part-skim or low-fat mozzarella cheese
1/4 C. 50-percent-less fat coarsely chopped goat cheese (or regular)
1/3 C. shredded Parmesan cheese (fontina can be substituted)
1/2 regular eggplant (or 1 Japanese eggplant)
1 oz. prosciutto (about 2 long slices)
1 Tbsp olive oil
Dash red pepper flakes (optional)
1/2 tsp. crumbled dried basil

Add water, oil, flour, sugar, salt and yeast to bread machine pan in the
order recommended by manufacturer. Set bread machine to dough cycle and turn
on. Let mixing and kneading cycle finish (about 10 to 15 minutes). Unplug
bread machine. Remove dough from pan. Let rest on lightly floured surface
for 10 to 15 minutes. Divide into four portions and let rest another 10
While dough is mixing in the bread machine, cut eggplant into round slices
about 1/4 inch wide. Slice Eggplant into bite sized pieces, and grill with a
little olive oil. Generously coat pan with canola cooking spray. When the
bottom is brown turn over, and repeat on the other side. Place grilled
eggplant on paper towels, and allow it to cool.
Preheat oven to 450 degrees. Roll out each portion of dough to a small
circle, then stretch into a circle about 8 to 10 inches in diameter.
Sprinkle half of the mozzarella and all of the goat cheese, Parmesan cheese,
eggplant and prosciutto over the dough circles. Top with remaining
mozzarella cheese. Fold dough over to form half circle. Moisten edges and
crimp to seal. Combine 1 tablespoon of olive oil with red pepper flakes and
dried basil. Brush top surface of dough with oil mixture. Bake at 450
degrees for 15 to 20 minutes or until calzone become crisp underneath and
golden brown on top.

Beer Nuts

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Sheila" 
To: phaedrus
Sent: Thursday, September 11, 2003 7:36 PM
Subject: secret recipe for bavarian beer nuts?

HI.  I was so excited to receive a reply to my last question.  You wouldn't
know how much I appreciate your help.  My family and I were recently at the
fair and my husband mentioned that it was one of his favorite things.  I was
hoping to find the recipe and make it as a surprise for Xmas.  Hope you can
help again.    thanks so much for this awesome sight.      Sheila 

Hi Sheila,

While I could not find a recipe for Bavarian beer nuts, I did find the three below beer nuts recipes.


Beer Nuts

Yield: 1 Servings Preparation Time:

3/4 Cup Water, per lb of raw peanut 1 Cup Sugar, per lb of raw peanut

Combine sugar and water in a heavy skillet. Cook on medium low till all
liquid evaporates, stirring constantly. Heavily salt a cookie sheet. Spread
mixture onto sheet. Top heavily with more salt. Bake@ 275 for 1/2 hour,
stirring once to prevent sticking.
Maple-Allspice Beer Nuts

You might not be able to stop eating these crunchy, delicately spiced, maple
syrup-coated peanuts. They hit the spot with a nice dark beer while watching
the game.

1   cup maple syrup
2   teaspoons allspice
5   cups unsalted dry roasted peanuts
1. Preheat oven to 300F.
2. Place peanuts into a large bowl.
3. Pour maple syrup and allspice into a small saucepan and place over
medium-high heat.
4. Bring to a simmer and turn off heat and let cool slightly.
5. Pour warm maple syrup mixture over peanuts in the bowl and stir with a
wooden spoon to coat peanuts thoroughly.
6. With a slotted spoon scoop peanuts from bowl and place into sieve and
partially drain over the bowl while transferring peanuts onto a parchment
lined baking sheet.
7. Repeat process until the baking sheet is full of nuts.
8. Place any extra nuts on a second baking sheet.
9. Place baking sheet (s) in the oven and roast for 25-30 minutes or until
mixture has darkened in colour.
10. Be careful to watch that the nuts don't burn- the maple syrup will
caramelize and burn easily, so it must be checked frequently.
11. Pull the nuts from the oven and transfer onto a single layer of
parchment on a counter and let cool.
12. With a metal spatula, loosen the nuts from the paper and store in a fun
bowl for eating right way or in an airtight container if making in advance.
Beer  Nuts

 Ingredients :
 1 1/2 c. sugar
 3/4 c. water
 1 tsp. maple flavor
 1/2 tbsp. salt

 Preparation :
    Bring to a rolling boil; watch so it doesn't burn.  Add 3 bags
 raw Spanish peanuts.  Turn down heat; keep boiling, stirring
 constantly until dry, approximately 15 minutes.  Spread on baking
 sheet and bake at 275 degrees for 40 minutes.  Stir 3-4 times until

Board Meetings

----- Original Message ----- 
From: "D & R" 
To: phaedrus
Sent: Wednesday, September 10, 2003 9:28 PM
Subject: Meetings

A board meeting that I was on consisted of 6 members. They are no by-laws.
One of my questions is: can an emergency meeting or a special meeting be
held with just one day notice and it being by phone? The president did not
call it but four of the members got their heads together and then called it
and did not even tell the president what it was all about, just 6 words. Can
they do it?
Thanks for your help.

Hello D or R,

Well, this is one of those situations that shows exactly why a board needs by-laws. Every board should have at least enough by-laws to cover quorums, the calling of special and emergency meetings, and defaulting to "Robert's Rules of Order" for the actual conducting of meetings.

I don't have a copy of "Robert's" handy, but I don't believe that it covers the who and how of special and emergency meetings. There are no laws governing boards that you can appeal to in a case like this. The state & federal governments don't say anything about any boards except their own. So, all you can do is look to tradition and "usual practice." However, those four members would constitute a quorum (majority), so if they want to ignore tradition, there may not be much that you can do about it except try to get by-laws instituted so that this couldn't happen again. Your only other option would be to bring the issue up at the next regular meeting and request a new vote on it with all members present. If the issue that these four voted on did not constitute an emergency and they did not make an effort to notify all members in advance of the meeting, then they have not only ignored tradition, but common sense as well, and a new vote on the issue should be held, if it's not too late.

Traditionally, here's how it should go (not every board is set up this way - there is a lot of slight variation):

If two or more members see a need for a special or emergency meeting, they should go to the Chairman and ask him to call a special or emergency meeting. Only if he could not be reached after a determined effort could the meeting be called anyway, and it would have to be an emergency requiring immediate action. All members should be notified of the meeting, meaning an attempt should be made to contact them. Only in case of a dire emergency that required immediate action would this mean less than 24 hours' notice before the meeting. In order for the meeting to accomplish anything, a quorum (majority of members) would have to be present. Less than a quorum couldn't do anything except set up another meeting for later.

It could be by phone unless there was a bylaw that said that it had to be an actual meeting in person or unless all members were not given the opportunity to join in the telephone conference call.



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